This was taught concurrently with Core content. To review the basics, click here to go back to the Core content.
Let’s start with some higher-level, Lyrical Science silliness:
Notice how he starts the song with the light-independent reactions before moving on to the light-dependent reactions? It is a good reminder that all of these processes are happening all of the time. You could think of the LD reactions as a method for replacing the electrons, H+ and ATP used up in the LI reactions.
Here is the AHL/ Option C stuff:
This Essential Biology document covers the Core content as well as Option C/ AHL.
Step-through – Garrett and Grisham Biochemistry
John Kyrk again – very detailed
Simple, not entirely relevant – University of Aberdeen
Old-school animations, useful explanations – Teachnet
How close are we to making artifical leaves? Check out this article.
Light dependent reactions:
Nice and simple – St Olaf college
Another simple animation – on the webpage of National Louis University
Light Independent Reactions:
Calvin cycle step-through – National Louis University
Nice interactive Calvin cycle – Smith College
Limiting Factors: Phytoplankton Blooms
When a nutrient is in limited supply, the rate of metabolic reactions is limited. This is the concept to limiting factors. For some spectacular evidence of what happens when that nutrient is no longer limited, enlarge this amazing photo of a phytoplankton bloom from space, taken from the ESA Enviro Sat:
So what’s happening? Well, in marine phytoplankton, iron is often a limiting micronutrient, along with other mineral elements. These tend to sink to the bottom of the ocean, but upwelling currents can push them up to the near-surface, making them available for use and resulting in a population explosion. Cool.
Finally, see if you can spot the errors in this cartoon:
Key terms: photosynthesis, chloroplast, membrane, stroma, chlorophyll, thylakoid, granum, light-dependent, light-independent, photophosphorylation, chemiosmosis, protons, photoactivation, electron transport, photosystem, photolysis, cyclic, non-cyclic, reduction, NADP+, NADPH, RuBP, carboxylase, ribulose, glycerate-3-phosphate, triose phosphate, regeneration, carbohydrates, action, absorption, spectrum, pigment, limiting factor.